By Daniel O. Sayers
“Addresses key historic and theoretical debates of the archaeology of the African diaspora. Theoretically complicated and methodologically rigorous, it's the first severe learn to find maroon teams within the Chesapeake.”—Frederick H. Smith, writer of The Archaeology of Alcohol and Drinking
“Sayers makes use of archaeology to inform a compelling tale of the way alienated humans came upon shelter within the alien panorama of the nice Dismal Swamp. right here they created their very own lifestyle, freed from the exploitation and alienation that they escaped. His paintings is helping us to higher comprehend the heritage of defiance within the Antebellum South and increases very important theoretical concerns for all archaeologists learning diasporic communities.”—Randall H. McGuire, writer of Archaeology as Political Action
within the 250 years sooner than the Civil conflict, the nice Dismal Swamp of Virginia and North Carolina used to be a brutal landscape—2,000 sq. miles of undeveloped and unforgiving wetlands, peat toilets, impenetrable foliage, and hazardous creatures. It used to be additionally a protecting shelter for marginalized members, together with local american citizens, African-American maroons, loose African americans, and outcast Europeans.
within the first thorough archaeological exam of this designated quarter, Daniel Sayers exposes and unravels the advanced social and financial structures built by way of those defiant groups that thrived at the outer edge. He develops an analytical framework in accordance with the advanced interaction among alienation, diasporic exile, asymmetric geographical improvement, and modes of creation to argue that colonialism and slavery unavoidably created sustained reviews of yank capitalism.
Read or Download A Desolate Place for a Defiant People: The Archaeology of Maroons, Indigenous Americans, and Enslaved Laborers in the Great Dismal Swamp PDF
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Extra resources for A Desolate Place for a Defiant People: The Archaeology of Maroons, Indigenous Americans, and Enslaved Laborers in the Great Dismal Swamp
S. Geological Survey (USGS) topographic maps show that several relict railroad grades, likely related to early to mid-twentieth century lumbering activities, radiate across the refuge. Meanwhile, occasional twentieth-century artifacts, such as old moonshiner’s equipment, have been observed by me and others in various locations in the refuge (Sayers 2006b). But given that our work through the GDSLS represents the most comprehensive survey and excavation project to occur in the refuge to date, we can say with certainty that we know very little about the quantity of sites across the refuge, given that we surveyed considerably less than 1 percent of its acreage.
Additionally, we must recognize that in changing the course of their labors and modes of creativity, they transformed the very forms that alienation took in their lives. This would have been no small matter—in fact, transforming the nature of alienation in modern human history was, again, a central drive of Marx’s praxis and a rarity in the annals of modern histories under capitalism and its articulating modes of production. The Historical Contingency of Alienation Marx recognized that alienation was a part of human nature, or the social human’s fundamental relation to the material world—we might heuristically call this intrinsic-capacity alienation.
Philosopher Peter Singer (1980: 34) also makes clear the fundamentality of alienation in Marxian thought—with a bit more explanation: Marx’s theory of history is a vision of human beings in a state of alienation. Human beings cannot be free if they are subject to forces that determine their thoughts, their ideas, their very nature as human beings. The materialist conception of history tells us that human beings are totally subject to forces they do not understand and cannot control. Moreover, the materialist conception of history tells us that these forces are not supernatural tyrants, forever above and beyond human control, but the productive powers of human beings themselves.
A Desolate Place for a Defiant People: The Archaeology of Maroons, Indigenous Americans, and Enslaved Laborers in the Great Dismal Swamp by Daniel O. Sayers