By Herman L. Bennett
Полное название:"Africans in Colonial Mexico : absolutism, Christianity, and Afro-Creole recognition, 1570–1640"
В этом исследовании, автор обнаружил много новой информации о жизни рабов и свободных чернокожих в Мексике и как их жизнь была регулированна правительством.
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Additional info for Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640
In an effort to protect this personality, the Church intervened in the master-slave relationship in an attempt to ameliorate slavery’s excesses. But the focus on amelioration and treatment overshadowed a critical aspect of ecclesiastical law. ” On the basis that they represented non-Christians, the Church also identi¤ed Africans as the extra ecclesiam (an ecclesiastical term applicable to all persons who did not profess Christianity) and thus gave them rights that competed with their slave status.
68 Juan Fernández de la Concha, for instance, rapidly accumulated slave labor for his growing estate. In 1616, Juan Fernandez purchased the Guajoyuca estate, which had no laborers at the time. 70 A mere ¤ve years after its construction, his estate also included a labor force of eighty enslaved persons. Although persons de¤ned as Angolans predominated among the Africanborn in seventeenth-century ethnic New Spain, the slave labor force in Morelos was not exclusively African. 72 Even on the newest estates, such as Atlihuayan and Guajoyuca, creole and mulatto slaves easily outnumbered enslaved Africans.
According to crown and clergy, Christian slaves had to conform to Christian orthodoxy. As Christian explorers and conquerors encountered diverse peoples, their interactions with these peoples were shaped by a canonical tradition dating from Innocent IV’s thirteenth-century commentary. Prior to his election as Pope Innocent IV in 1243, Sinibaldo Fieschi was an in®uential canonist. As pope (1243– 1254), he took an active interest in Christian-Moslem relations because the Christian Crusades, the reconquest, and Christian territorial expansion lacked a ¤rm legal basis in canon law.
Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640 by Herman L. Bennett