By Ahmed Galal, Bernard M. Hoekman
Regardless of a variety of makes an attempt within the moment half the 20 th century, Arab states haven't been profitable in forming a nearby monetary bloc. alternate one of the Arab states is still hampered via excessive price lists and customs and transportation bottlenecks. Integration efforts are mostly restricted to makes an attempt at decreasing alternate boundaries in items and feature no longer prolonged to the carrier region. whereas labour mobility is slightly glaring, capital mobility in the sector is still constrained. the continued liberalization of alternate in items during the better Arab loose alternate region, scheduled for whole implementation in 2007, brings renewed curiosity to a longstanding target. This quantity examines the commercial and political incentives surrounding Arab local integration. The participants specialize in 3 concerns: the failure of previous makes an attempt at integration, the effect on international locations focused on any destiny integration and the prospective classes from different local reviews, relatively the ecu Union. a standard topic is the significance of extending the achieve of cooperation efforts past exchange in items.
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The chapter first reviews the export performance record over the 1990s. Next, an attempt is made to explain the record by comparing the rates of return of two hypothetical producers: one is an exporter and the other sells exclusively in domestic markets. The analysis compares the effects of Egypt’s export incentive structure on profitability with the effects of the structures of other developing countries. On the basis of the above, the chapter simulates the impact of different variables on the profitability of Egyptian exporters in an attempt to identify reform priorities.
A similar point can be made with respect to the share of merchandise exports to GDP, the share of manufactured exports to total exports, and the share of high-tech exports to manufactured exports. 3 2. World Bank (2000). 3. International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics, 2000. ’ Table 3-1. 3 Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators, 2001. Why Are Egyptian Producers Not Exporting? A Simple Answer Some analysts attribute the disappointing track record of Egyptian exports to the inability of local firms to compete because of outdated technology, management techniques, and marketing strategies.
Washington: International Monetary Fund. El Naggar, Said. 1997. ” In Foreign and Intra-Trade Policies of the Arab Countries, edited by Said El-Naggar. Washington: International Monetary Fund. Escribano, Gonzalo. 2000. ” Paper presented at the International Conference on Arab Development Challenges of the New Millennium. Rabat, Morocco, June 26–28. Galal, Ahmed, and Bernard Hoekman. 1997. ” In Regional Partners in Global Markets: Limits and Possibilities of the Euro-Med Agreements, edited by Ahmed Galal and Bernard Hoekman, 282–306.
Arab Economic Integration: Between Hope and Reality by Ahmed Galal, Bernard M. Hoekman