By Mitsuaki Shimojo (auth.)
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Additional info for Argument Encoding in Japanese Conversation
The present study assumes that the zero particle is an independent encoding type with unique discourse functions, whether a given token of the zero particle is obligatory or optional. This assumption is realistic only if speakers’ actual choice of the zero particle is examined.
La mia macchina) si è ROTTA. c. (Ma voiture) elle est en PANNE. d. (Kuruma wa) KOSYOO-sita. (2) ARGUMENT-FOCUS STRUCTURE I heard your motorcycle broke down? a. My CAR broke down. b. /E la mia MACCHINA che si è rotta. c. C’est ma VOITURE qui est en panne. d. KURUMA ga kosyoosita. 24 Previous Studies on the Six Argument Encoding Types 25 (3) SENTENCE-FOCUS STRUCTURE What happened? a. My CAR broke down. b. Mi si è rotta (ROTTA) la MACCHINA. c. J’ai ma VOITURE qui est en PANNE. d. KURUMA ga KOSYOO-sita.
14 He reports for English, Burmese, and Indonesian “[a]t the time of utterance formulation, the speaker codes the referent currently in focal attention as the syntactic subject of the utterance” (Tomlin 1995: 527). Similarly, Kim (1996) and Fujii & Kim (1999) examined a selection of syntactic subjects in English, and Japanese and Korean respectively on the basis of storytelling discourse elicited with a series of pictures. Each picture showed a male and a female, one of which was depicted more prominently (in size and orientation) than the other in order to control the speaker’s focal attention.
Argument Encoding in Japanese Conversation by Mitsuaki Shimojo (auth.)