By Khalid Rehman Hakeem
Biomass got from agricultural residues or wooded area can be utilized to provide assorted fabrics and bioenergy required in a latest society. compared to different assets on hand, biomass is likely one of the most typical and common assets on the earth. hence, biomass has the aptitude to supply a renewable power resource, either in the neighborhood and throughout huge components of the area. it's expected that the complete funding within the biomass area among 2008 and 2021 will achieve the big sum of $104 billion. shortly bioenergy is an important renewable power choice and may stay so the close to and medium-term destiny. formerly numerous international locations attempt to discover the usage of biomass in bioenergy and composite area. Biomass has the aptitude to turn into the world’s greatest and such a lot sustainable power resource and should be a great deal well known. Bioenergy is predicated on assets that may be applied on a sustainable foundation all over the international and will therefore function an efficient alternative for the availability of power providers. additionally, the advantages gathered transcend strength provision, growing specified possibilities for local improvement. the current booklet will supply an up to date account of non-wood, wooded area residues, agricultural biomass (natural fibers), and effort vegetation including processing, houses and its purposes to make sure biomass usage and reuse. All facets of biomass and bioenergy and their houses and functions could be seriously re-examined. The booklet includes 3 sections, featuring Non wooden and wooded area items from forestry, arboriculture actions or from wooden processing, agricultural biomass (natural fibers) from agricultural harvesting or processing and eventually power plants: excessive yield plants and grasses grown in particular for strength production.
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1 Processing by Rolling Rolling technology slices bamboo, which is then softened by steam so that lignin middle lamella separates out. The bonding of the fiber is then weakened through rolling or hammering. Through mechanical friction, bamboo is eventually decomposed (Yao and Zhang 2011). 1. 2 Mechanical Comb Fiber Technology With the help of mechanical equipments, bamboo is ground to make bamboo fiber. Although the strength and flexibility of the fiber is considerably damaged during the mechanical treatment process but the fiber produced is thick and short and is used in the production of bamboo fiberboard and some other low value products (Yao and Zhang 2011).
From Al‐Kaabi et al. (2005) Fig. 13 Single fiber pull out data of treated DPF/Epoxy with different NaOH concentrations showing the maximum stress. From Alsaeed et al. 5 Performance of Bio-composites Different characteristics and properties of the natural fiber composites have to be investigated in order to maximize their potential usage and implementation in various applications. Adopting of any new material type in a certain application is limited by several factors that affect its suitability in that particular application (Al-Oqla and Sapuan 2014; Dweiri and Al-Oqla 2006).
Bamboo fibers owe their elasticity to combination of fiber rich outer part and compressible inner part (Obataya et al. 2007). 3 Elongation Bamboo when treated with caustic soda of different concentration, show significant decrease in percent elongation at break with the increase in concentration of caustic soda (Das and Chakraborty 2008). 4 Flexural Strength Bamboo fiber reinforced mortar laminates with reformed bamboo plate on bottom as tensile layer and a fiber reinforced mortar sheet at the top as compressive layer are exposed to have flexural strength of upto 90 MPa (Yao and Li 2003).
Biomass and Bioenergy: Processing and Properties by Khalid Rehman Hakeem