By Prof. Robert S.P. Beekes, Dr. Michiel de Vaan
This ebook provides a complete advent to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It begins with a presentation of the languages of the relatives (from English and the opposite Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit via Armenian and Albanian) and a dialogue of the tradition and foundation of the Indo-Europeans, the audio system of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is brought into the character of language switch and the equipment of reconstruction of older language phases, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). a whole description is given of the sound alterations, which makes it attainable to persist with the beginning of different Indo-European languages step-by-step. this is often via a dialogue of the advance of the entire morphological different types of Proto-Indo-European. The ebook offers the newest in scholarly insights, just like the laryngeal and glottalic idea, the accentuation, the ablaut styles, and those are systematically built-in into the therapy. The textual content of this moment version has been corrected and up-to-date through Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new workouts allow the scholar to perform the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.
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Extra resources for Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An introduction
B. Baltic The Baltic languages are Lithuanian and Latvian, as well as the now extinct Old Prussian. Lithuanian has been known since the sixteenth century, but it is very archaic and for this reason important for Indo-European. The study of historical linguistics requires not only data from the literary language but also from the dialects (such as Žemaitian). Latvian is less archaic than Lithuanian. Estonian is a not an Indo-European language, but is related to Finnish. Old Prussian stands far removed from both other languages (and is for that reason important).
Our knowledge of Carian is still extremely limited, yet it seems that also Carian belongs to the Luwic group. Sidetic is known from only eight inscriptions from the area of Side, a city at the south coast of Turkey. C. and are written in their own alphabet. Due to the limited number of inscriptions, our knowledge of Sidetic is extremely limited as well. Still this language seems to belong to the Luwic group too. D. The 21 22 Comparative Indo-European Linguistics texts probably only contain names, some of which may show the genitive case ending â•‚s, on the basis of which it is thought that Pisidian may belong to the Luwic group as well.
West Slavic comprises the important languages Polish, Czech and Slovakian, but also less important languages. Polish belongs to the Lekhitic group together with (the now extinct) Polabic and Pomoranian (to which Kashubian and Slovincian belong). There are also High and Low Sorbian in the area to the southeast of Berlin. b. Baltic The Baltic languages are Lithuanian and Latvian, as well as the now extinct Old Prussian. Lithuanian has been known since the sixteenth century, but it is very archaic and for this reason important for Indo-European.
Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An introduction by Prof. Robert S.P. Beekes, Dr. Michiel de Vaan