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Additional info for Computable Models of the Law - Languages, Dialogues, Games, Ontologies
The issue of integrated LKIF semantics is the most pressing open problem, although it has sofar not hindered the progress of the Estrella project. In addition to a syntax and semantics speciﬁcation, the Estrella project also develops application programmer’s interfaces for manipulation of LKIF knowledge bases that are also intended to become part of LKIF. In addition we are running a number of small pilot projects to establish the usability of LKIF for modeling law, including the game of Nomic and EC council directive 90/434/EEG, and the ontology – particularly the vocabulary for describing legal cases – is still under development.
Applying an LKIF rule is instantiating an LKIF argument from one of these schemes. Figure 5 shows a simple argument structure generated by the application of LKIF rules. Argumentation schemes generalize the concept of an inference rule to cover plausible but non-deductive forms of argument. The semantics of LKIF rules is Fig. 5. An example GraphViz argument structure generated from LKIF rules 36 A. Boer, R. Winkels, and F. Vitali based on concepts also found in Carneades (cf. ). While the issue of plausible – for instance inductive, defeasible, or autoepistemic (basing one’s conclusions on the presence or absence of knowledge about something) – inference is obviously relevant to any domain of knowledge, it is especially salient in law because of the importance of explicit dialectical considerations in legal procedure.
Because MetaLex XML and the Legal Knowledge Interchange Format 35 the OWL axioms are in principle not falsiﬁable they should be used with due care. e. presumed to be contingent. LKIF Rules semantics is based on the notion of defeasible rules as a type of argumentation scheme, particularly one argumentation scheme for each conclusion of the rule. Applying an LKIF rule is instantiating an LKIF argument from one of these schemes. Figure 5 shows a simple argument structure generated by the application of LKIF rules.
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