By Horace L. Fairlamb
The postmodern debate has been seriously encouraged through usually contradictory conclusions concerning the foundations of data. Horace Fairlamb contends that philosophy's foundationist quest has often been misconceived as a call among "super-science" and theoretical anarchy. analyzing the background of foundationism, and supplying distinctive research of the paintings of best theorists, together with Fish, Foucault, Derrida, Gadamer and Habermas, Dr. Fairlamb argues for a much less reductive and no more arbitrary belief of data and which means. the result's a major contribution to the present reevaluation of theoretical discourse.
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Extra info for Critical Conditions: Postmodernity and the Question of Foundations
Or as Foucault deconstrucls the theory/ i n't outside power. ation of his own: "truth s lacking in power . [Truth] is a thing of this world" (FR, 73). Must the syllogism stand outside practice to be special7 Must physics stand outside the physical world to have a theory ? n a context with particular content? Or isn't it true that Aristotle's theory is special just because it identifies an inner logic of thought that enables us to understand better the practical force of thought? As a practice, theory is theory when it identifies in a general way the abstract structures of practices of more specific contexts.
For the no- Fish's strong conventions consequences thesis could only be true if Fish's position claimed universality, a totalization of the possibilities in the present, a transcendence of external circumstances. And indeed, that is exactly the height Fish claims to "descend" from: it does not follow from what I have been saying that you should go out and do literary criticism in a certain way or refrain from doing it in other ways. The reason for this is that the position I have been presenting is not one that you (or anyone else) could live by .
The conclusion is tautological but inescapable : one believes what one believes, and one does so without reservation " (ITC, 3 61). This conclusion, however, is a non-sequitur : the tautology only covers the first clause - one believes what one believes - it does not cover the second, given that human psychology is a bit more complicated than the syllogism. 1. Tautology as psychology As a number of commentators have pointed out regarding the psychology of Fish's universalized reader - as early as Surprised by sin - the expectations of Fish's reader/believer are immune to experience.
Critical Conditions: Postmodernity and the Question of Foundations by Horace L. Fairlamb