By Alexander Szalai, Riccardo Petrella, Stein Rokkan
Cross-National Comparative Survey learn: concept and perform includes the lawsuits of the Roundtable convention on Cross-National Comparative Survey study held in Budapest, Hungary, on July 25-29, 1972. The papers concentrate on the speculation and perform of cross-national comparative survey learn. The association and execution of cross-national survey study items are mentioned, in addition to research and interpretation in cross-national survey learn and the position of idea within the learn approach.
This ebook is made from 12 chapters and starts off with a dialogue at the technique of cross-national survey study for the improvement of social idea. The targets and implications of cross-national surveys also are thought of. next chapters discover cross-national comparative survey examine in components comparable to juvenile delinquency and improvement; time-budget and industrialization; and values in politics. the method of cross-national survey examine is printed, including research and inference in such experiences and the position of conception within the learn strategy. the ultimate bankruptcy appears to be like at methods of extending the worldwide achieve of survey learn.
This monograph should be of curiosity to social scientists, sociologists, and social technology researchers.
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Extra info for Cross-National Comparative Survey Research. Theory and Practice
The phenomena which are related to the criterion variable in the same way are, of course, conceptually identical from the point of view of this relation whatever their absolute properties would be, provided that these properties are within the permissible range of phenomenological variations defined by the content of the corresponding concept. When the researcher is using the notion of "equivalence" rather than of " i d e n t i t y " he usually wants to stress that the relationally identical phenomena are not identical with respect to their absolute properties, and this is the only way in which the notion of equivalence should be understood at the level of concept formation.
It refers also to some absolute properties of the groups involved: they should be relatively large groups and the totality of all of them should then constitute a society. One could give examples of almost all categories of relational equivalences from our five studies. In Verba's report we find, for example, an illustration of a "cultural equivalence": the open questions gave us some clearer idea as to the meaning of the question in the mind of the respondent. Henry Teune characterizes the complex problems of establishing correlational equivalences and phenomenological identities in the Values project as follows: Essentially the approach to measurement we based on the behaviours of indicators within each country: this behaviour provided a base line for establishing validity and reliability, and, therefore, equivalence of measurement across the countries.
The conditional character of most relations we are likely to meet in the area of social phenomena increases the importance of beginning the study with a clear and elaborated set of research hypotheses. These hypotheses should spell out which of the relations are expected to be unconditional and which are likely to be modified by certain variables, and if so, which are the variables and on which level are they expected to operate. Such hypotheses play an important role in the planning of the research design; namely in view of the selection of the sample and of the specification of variables we want to observe.
Cross-National Comparative Survey Research. Theory and Practice by Alexander Szalai, Riccardo Petrella, Stein Rokkan